Public policies for the return of qualified human talent in Ecuador and its international insertion: the case of PhD scholars

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Verena Hitner http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4151-2657
Jesús Tapia López http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6801-851X

Abstract

The paper aims to understand the process of return of scientists to Ecuador, with a view to producing coherent data on the reasons for the return of these scientists, their social, political and disciplinary networks in the country, which contributes to the effort of know the disciplinary consolidation dynamics of the scientific fields, its international links, and therefore the process of Ecuador’s insertion in the new international division of labor. The study used the databases of returnees offered by the Secretariat of Higher Education, Science, Technology and Innovation (SENESCYT) of Ecuador for the preparation of a survey. The sample frame of reference was made up of a little more than 700 PhD. A total of 126 surveys were carried out generating an estimation error of 7.8% and the distribution of the cases raised by sex and area of knowledge was recomposed with the use of expansion factors to give greater consistency to the results obtained. Based on the sample, we were able to make inferences by sex and by a grouped variable of years of completion of the studies, demographic, labor information and research activities were requested in a very general way. The research concludes on the relevance of public policy and on the profile of returnees.
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